Want to know whether bleeding during pregnancy is a concern? In fact, spotting and bleeding in pregnancy is common. About 50% of the expectant mothers experience vaginal bleeding and feel worried. For them, this is one sign of miscarriage! It is better to know that light bleeding from vagina during early pregnancy is not something that you should worry. In fact, it is a good sign to indicate that you are a pregnant.
There are many types of bleeding, from light bleeding (or spotting) to heavy bleeding. During pregnancy, light spotting is not a matter of concern. However, massive bleeding should be an indication of a serious disorder. The best way is to know the causes of the condition and then undergo a check up early to eradicate any complications.
Causes of bleeding during pregnancy
Please remember that spotting is different from bleeding. See brown or pink discharge, just like what you experience at the end of your menstrual period? Then, it is spotting. On the other hand, if you see a bright red discharge, then, it is called bleeding. Another warning sign is the amount of blood you notice. In general, spotting may not soak a sanitary pad, while blood bleeding during pregnancy can.
Of course, vaginal bleeding may happen at any time in pregnancy. Actually, it’s rarely a sign of a serious condition. That’s because it may accompany lots of the pregnancy complications. However, sometimes, it may be a matter of concern, too. As a result, it is important to know the possible causes as well as contact a doctor soon.
In the first trimester of pregnancy
Molar pregnancy is a rare condition. It is caused when the placenta gets a cystic mass from a malformed embryo. The appearance of this type of tumor is due to pregnancy hormones. But, it’s not life threatening at all. In some cases, it may turn out to be abnormal and spread throughout the body. Mamas can notice vaginal bleeding in a few weeks of conception if they suffer from molar pregnancy.
An ectopic pregnancy is the implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterus, which is often in the fallopian tube. At that time, women may observe a sharp pain and cramping in the lower abdominal region. Furthermore, they can feel weakness, dizziness, and nausea. Since it may be life threatening to pregnant moms, they should have immediate medical attention. Only 3% of pregnancies statistically experience it.
Another major concern with early bleeding during pregnancy at the first trimester is that it may also be a miscarriage. This sign often occurs during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. In case bleeding also accompanies some symptoms (i.e. lower abdominal pain, cramping, and so on) then there is a higher chance of losing the baby. Be careful with this condition!
In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy
Placenta Previa is the most popular cause of bleeding in late pregnancy. In that case, the placenta, connecting the fetus to the womb, tends to cover a part of the cervical opening. And bleeding happens after that. The cervix is thin as well as dilates to prepare for labor later in pregnancy. During this stage, the placenta can stretch and rupture that causes mass bleeding. Other risk factors are multiple pregnancies, prior cesarean delivery, prior placenta previa, etc.
This symptom often takes place during the second half of pregnancy or even the third trimester. As an early separation of placenta from the uterus, it then leads to collection of blood in the area between the placenta and uterus. You can experience pains and cramps in the abdominal region, as well as back pain and tenderness in the uterus. Don’t worry if the separation is too little. The reason is that it isn’t lethal for the kid inside. However, it can pose harmful factors if the separation is large.
Fetal Vesssel Rupture:
The increasing blood vessels of the fetus are able to cross the opening of the birth canal. At that time, these are called vasa previa. Such conditions may be even lethal to the child since blood vessels may tear open and severely bleed. Nevertheless, it’s a very rare condition. It just takes place to 1 out of 5000 pregnancies!
Does your delivery time fall between pregnancy week of 20 to week 37? Then, it is known as a pre-term labor. You can feel regular contractions, cramping, back pain, and built-in pelvic pressure in that case. Some days before your body prepares for labor, it is possible to notice mucus plug where bleeding starts. Please immediately contact your healthcare provider!
Bleeding during pregnancy – prevention
One of the best ways to prevent pregnancy complications is to keep a good relationship with your physician. Regularly go for routine checkups. Of course, this is vital when you have had already felt complications in your prior pregnancies. Or, you can ensure a safe pregnancy by controlling the risk factors. Try to cut down cocaine and tobacco completely. In case you are hypertensive, it is better to keep it under control through taking the complaint to the doctor.
Notice bleeding during the initial stages of pregnancy? To be sure, it is better to take it easy until your healthcare provider checks and lets you know what to do. At that time, simply rest and relax. Avoid taking any heavy stress or practicing strenuous exercises. Don’t sex, use a tampon or even contraception. Instead, always keep your body cool through drinking plenty of water. Furthermore, make a notice of the amount of pads you are using.
You need to call a doctor right away if you experience heavy bleeding during pregnancy or late pregnancy.