Today, we’ll focus much on Zika Virus pregnancy trimester! Zika virus is a dangerous infection which is mainly spread by certain kinds of mosquito. The virus may cause some mild flu-like symptoms. These include joint pain in the hands and feet, conjunctivitis, a raised temperature, and a red rash that often spreads from face to body. After a mosquito bites, such symptoms can appear between 3 and 12 days and last between 2 and 7 days. But, only 1 out of every 4 people who had Zika virus can experience any symptoms.
How may Zika virus affect an unborn baby during pregnancy?
In fact, there is increasing evidence that during pregnancy, infection with the Zika virus is able to prevent the unborn kid’s brain from forming or growing as normal. Thus, the kid could have a small head (or also namely microcephaly). In addition, he may have problems with learning, looking and development after birth.
At present, studies are being carried out to increase pregnant women’s understanding of how Zika virus infection can affect their unborn babies, both in the womb and later on in life. On the whole, the majority of kids who’ve been born with microcephaly have been exposed to the Zika virus during the first trimester (about the first 13 weeks of pregnancy). That is the point where the risk of miscarriage dramatically drops. It is also a key milestone following a significant phase in fetal development.
Yet, there are also reports of microcephaly and brain abnormalities in some children. In that case, their mamas were being infected with Zika virus after the 1st trimester. A new study also finds evidence that the virus is still able to cause devastating brain defects among newborns whose moms have infection in their last trimester.
Thus, the CDC believes that the riskiest time for Zika virus infection is about in the first or early second trimester. Meanwhile, some issues, like stillbirths or low birth weight, have occurred in the 3rd trimester. As per many researchers, there may also be other birth defects or developmental delays that they have not identified yet because they become apparent in the months after birth. Such the study seems to be alarming for several reasons. It underlines the great risk of Zika to pregnant women at any stage.
How likely is it that my kid can be affected if I am infected with Zika?
Nobody knows for sure how likely it is that your child would be infected. Or they cannot know how he even develops birth defects. In general, an expectant mama with Zika Virus Pregnancy Trimester can face a risk of between 1% and 13% that her unborn baby may develop microcephaly. Another study also found a 29% risk that abnormalities may also develop from infection at any point of time during pregnancy. For experts, the likely risk is often somewhere in between.
How do I know whether I have Zika or not?
Sadly, you will not know that. 4 out of 5 people who have Zika virus never develop clear symptoms. In case your body has symptoms, these can be mild. At that time, you just think that you have a bad cold or mild flu. Some common symptoms include rash, fever, red eyes and more. Of course, there is no treatment or vaccine. So, you should drink fluids, rest, and take acetaminophen (Tylenol) which is useful for fever and pain. It is a bad idea to take NSAIDs (aspirin or ibuprofen) unless you rule out dengue, because of to a risk of bleeding.
What will my doctor do?
In general, the doctor will monitor your kid’s progress with ultrasounds every 3 to 4 weeks, with the aim of checking brain development, head circumference, and overall growth of the fetus. It may take until 18 to 20 weeks to find a case of microcephaly. But, it is vital to get ultrasounds during the pregnancy as other abnormalities can appear at other times.
What is the risk of Zika Virus pregnancy trimester to an infant once she/he is born?
According to public-health officials and doctors so far, the birth defects may occur in babies born to women who were infected during pregnancy. In some cases, a recent laboratory study also suggests that Zika Virus Pregnancy Trimester can also damage the brains of adults, and possibly kids. Many scientists caution that there is much more research to be done.
How to avoid being exposing to Zika virus during pregnancy?
All of the expectant mothers should avoid traveling to areas where there are reports of Zika outbreaks. If they have still a desire to make a trip, it is better to share their travel plans with a health care provider to assess their risk of Zika virus infection as well as get useful tips on insect-bite avoidance measures. According to the CDC in America, pregnant ladies or those who try to conceive should consider postponing their trip.
Moreover, couples should also avoid becoming pregnant in an area where Zika virus is spread. If you are getting pregnant and still long to travel to an area affected by Zika virus, there is nothing better than taking strict precautions to avoid mosquito bites, such as:
- Using DEET to fight against mosquito. Regularly reapply DEET. And you should apply it to the skin after using sunscreen.
- Using an insecticide which can kill mosquito on contact to clothing and mosquito nets
- Applying mosquito screens on windows and doors
- Sleeping with mosquito nets before going to bed
- During mid-morning and from late afternoon to dusk, staying inside as much as possible. The mosquitoes that bring Zika are primarily active during daylight hours.
- Covering up your exposed skin with light colored and loose fitting clothing. Remember to wear long sleeves and full-length trousers.
Scientists’ knowledge about the effects of Zika is really evolving. That’s because there are more research on this virus. As Zika Virus Pregnancy Trimester continues to spread, it is better for women of childbearing age and their partners to know keep in mind these pieces of information above.
Enjoy this post now! Hope that you can know what to do after that! Protect your baby from the womb. Avoid traveling at that time!